The relationship between caffeine and blood pressure in preadolescent african american girls

Jagadeshwar G. Reddy, Jon Owen Ebbert, Lisa M. Klesges, Felicity T Enders, Robert C. Klesges, Jennifer Q. Lanctot, Barbara S. McClanahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: While high caffeine consumption has been shown to be associated with increased blood pressure in controlled experiments, the relationship between caffeine consumption and blood pressure in preado-lescent (ages 6-11 years) and adolescent (ages 12-19 years) children has not been well studied. The primary objective of this study was to assess the cross-sectional relationship between caffeine intake and blood pressure in 8- to 10-year-old African American girls who eat an unrestricted diet. Methods: Demographic, 24-hour dietary recall, and blood pressure data collected at baseline from 303 African American girls aged 8-10 years in the Girls health Enrichment Multisite Studies (GEMS) cohort were analyzed by using linear and multiple regression models. Results: Dietary caffeine intake was not associated with either systolic or diastolic blood pressure (P=.33 and P=.36, respectively). However, consistent with the literature, height and body mass index were each positively and independently associated with systolic blood pressure (both P<.0001). Height and amount of sodium intake were positively associated with diastolic blood pressure (P=,01 and P=,02, respectively). Conclusions: Dietary caffeine intake in low amounts is not associated with elevated blood pressure in 8- to 10-year-old African American girls who eat an unrestricted diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume18
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

Caffeine
African Americans
Blood Pressure
Diet
Linear Models
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Sodium
Demography

Keywords

  • African americans
  • Blood pressure
  • Caffeine
  • Child
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Reddy, J. G., Ebbert, J. O., Klesges, L. M., Enders, F. T., Klesges, R. C., Lanctot, J. Q., & McClanahan, B. S. (2008). The relationship between caffeine and blood pressure in preadolescent african american girls. Ethnicity and Disease, 18(3), 283-288.

The relationship between caffeine and blood pressure in preadolescent african american girls. / Reddy, Jagadeshwar G.; Ebbert, Jon Owen; Klesges, Lisa M.; Enders, Felicity T; Klesges, Robert C.; Lanctot, Jennifer Q.; McClanahan, Barbara S.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 18, No. 3, 06.2008, p. 283-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reddy, JG, Ebbert, JO, Klesges, LM, Enders, FT, Klesges, RC, Lanctot, JQ & McClanahan, BS 2008, 'The relationship between caffeine and blood pressure in preadolescent african american girls', Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 283-288.
Reddy, Jagadeshwar G. ; Ebbert, Jon Owen ; Klesges, Lisa M. ; Enders, Felicity T ; Klesges, Robert C. ; Lanctot, Jennifer Q. ; McClanahan, Barbara S. / The relationship between caffeine and blood pressure in preadolescent african american girls. In: Ethnicity and Disease. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 283-288.
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