The Quantitative Relationship Between Treated Blood Pressure and Progression of Diabetic Renal Disease

John J. Dillon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antihypertensive therapy reduces the rate at which glomerular filtration rate (GFR) declines (AGFR) in diabetic nephropathy; however, the optimal blood pressure is unknown. The quantitative relationship between treated blood pressure and AGFR was analyzed retrospectively in 59 patients with established diabetic nephropathy and treated hypertension using weighted univariate and weighted multivariate regression. The GFR was calculated using the Cockcroft and Gault formula. More rapid GFR loss correlated most strongly with higher diastolic blood pressures (r = 0.70; P < 0.0001); for each millimeter of mercury of diastolic blood pressure, the GFR decreased by 0.69 mL/min/yr. This relationship remained present if those individuals with diastolic pressures greater than 90 mm Hg were eliminated from the study (r = 0.50; P < 0.001). The correlation for systolic blood pressure was weaker (r = 0.30; P < 0.05) and explained completely by covariance between systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The correlation for mean blood pressure (r = 0.59; P < 0.0001) fell between the correlations for diastolic and systolic blood pressures. Proteinuria, serum albumin concentration, and serum cholesterol concentration also correlated with ΔGFR. In multivariate analysis, neither these indices of disease severity nor the initial GFR explained the correlation between AGFR and diastolic blood pressure. Age, sex, race, type of diabetes, and percentage of glycosylated hemoglobin did not correlate with ΔGFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-802
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • blood pressure
  • hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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