The prognostic value of inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma

Helen J.L. Cumsky, Collin M. Costello, Nan Zhang, Richard Butterfield, Matthew R. Buras, Jessica E. Schmidt, Kevin Drenner, Steven A. Nelson, Shari A. Ochoa, Christian L. Baum, Mark R. Pittelkow, David J. DiCaudo, Aleksandar Sekulic, Aaron R. Mangold

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Abstract

Background: Inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase (INPP5A) has been shown to play a role in development and progression of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). The goal of the current study was to explore the prognostic value of INPP5A expression in cSCC. Methods: A total of 189 cases of actinic keratosis and SCC in 174 patients were identified; clinical and outcome data were abstracted, histopathology was rereviewed, and immunohistochemical staining and interpretation was performed for INPP5A. Results: The majority of tumors (89.4%) had an INPP5A score of 2 or 3. No patients had complete loss of INPP5A. Tumors with an INPP5A score of 1 were more likely to be intermediate- to high-risk tumors (Brigham and Women's Hospital stage ≥T2a 85.0% vs 23.7% [P <.0001]) characterized by a larger diameter (2.4 cm vs 1.3 cm [P =.0004]), moderate-to-poor differentiation (86.7% vs 17.6% [P <.0001]), and perineural invasion (37.5% vs 5.3%, [P <.0001]). An INPP5A score of 1 was associated with a worse 3-year survival (a rate of 42.3% [hazard ratio, 2.81, P =.0006]) and a local metastasis rate of 48.0% (hazard ratio, 4.71; P <.0001). Conclusions: Low INPP5A scores are predictive of aggressive tumors and may be a useful adjunct to guide clinical management of cSCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-632.e1
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

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Keywords

  • biomarker
  • cancer tumor marker
  • cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma
  • inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase
  • metastases
  • outcome
  • prognosis
  • prognostic marker
  • recurrence
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Cumsky, H. J. L., Costello, C. M., Zhang, N., Butterfield, R., Buras, M. R., Schmidt, J. E., Drenner, K., Nelson, S. A., Ochoa, S. A., Baum, C. L., Pittelkow, M. R., DiCaudo, D. J., Sekulic, A., & Mangold, A. R. (2019). The prognostic value of inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 80(3), 626-632.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.018