Purpose: To determine the influence of underlying visual system disorders on the risk of developing strabismus in children with congenital nystagmus. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 82 cases of congenital nystagmus from a pediatric ophthalmology referral practice. Results: Strabismus was found in 50% of children with congenital nystagmus. The prevalence of strabismus was 82% in children with bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia, 53% in patients with albinism, 36% in children with congenital retinal dystrophies, and 17% in children with idiopathic congenital nystagmus. Conclusion: The risk that a child with congenital nystagmus will have strabismus develop can be predicted from the nature of the underlying visual disorder.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health