The prevalence of cervical spine injury, head injury, or both with isolated and multiple craniomaxillofacial fractures

Ryan P. Mulligan, Raman C. Mahabir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Several studies have reported the relationship among craniomaxillofacial fractures, cervical spine injuries, and head injuries with varying results. Life-threatening injuries to the head and cervical spine with devastating consequences cannot be missed by reconstructive surgeons during evaluation of facial trauma. The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of cervical spine injuries and/or head injuries with isolated and multiple craniomaxillofacial fractures at trauma centers across the United States. METHODS:: The study was a retrospective chart review of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis and procedure codes from the National Trauma Data Bank between the years 2002 and 2006. This included data on over 1.3 million trauma patients from the United States and Puerto Rico. RESULTS:: In the setting of an isolated mandible, nasal, orbital floor, malar/maxilla, or frontal/parietal bone fracture, cervical spine injury ranged from 4.9 to 8.0 percent, head injury ranged from 28.7 to 79.9 percent, and concomitant cervical spine and head injury was present in 2.8 to 5.8 percent. In the setting of two or more facial fractures, the prevalence of cervical spine injury ranged from 7.0 to 10.8 percent. The prevalence of head injury ranged from 65.5 to 88.7 percent, and the prevalence of concomitant cervical spine and head injury ranged from 5.8 to 10.1 percent. CONCLUSION:: This article represents the most accurate description of the prevalence of cervical spine and/or head injury with craniomaxillofacial fracture at trauma centers in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1647-1651
Number of pages5
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Craniocerebral Trauma
Spine
Wounds and Injuries
Trauma Centers
Parietal Bone
Frontal Bone
Puerto Rico
Multiple Fractures
Bone Fractures
Maxilla
International Classification of Diseases
Mandible
Nose
Databases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

The prevalence of cervical spine injury, head injury, or both with isolated and multiple craniomaxillofacial fractures. / Mulligan, Ryan P.; Mahabir, Raman C.

In: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 126, No. 5, 11.2010, p. 1647-1651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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