The prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and the framingham risk score in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention over the last 17 years by gender: Time-trend analysis from the Mayo Clinic PCI Registry

Moo Sik Lee, Andreas J. Flammer, Hyun Soo Kim, Jee Young Hong, Jing Li, Ryan J. Lennon, Amir Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to investigate trends of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor profiles over 17 years in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients at the Mayo Clinic. Methods: We performed a time-trend analysis within the Mayo Clinic PCI Registry from 1994 to 2010. Results were the incidence and prevalence of CVD risk factors as estimate by the Framingham risk score. Results: Between 1994 and 2010, 25 519 patients underwent a PCI. During the time assessed, the mean age at PCI became older, but the gender distribution did not change. A significant trend towards higher body mass index and more prevalent hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes was found over time. The prevalence of current smokers remained unchanged. The prevalence of ever-smokers decreased among males, but increased among females. However, overall CVD risk according to the Framingham risk score (FRS) and 10-year CVD risk significantly decreased. The use of most of medications elevated from 1994 to 2010, except for â-blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors decreased after 2007 and 2006 in both baseline and discharge, respectively. Conclusions: Most of the major risk factors improved and the FRS and 10-year CVD risk declined in this population of PCI patients. However, obesity, history of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, and medication use increased substantially. Improvements to blood pressure and lipid profile management because of medication use may have influenced the positive trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-229
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Risk factors
  • Trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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