All carotid endarterectomies performed in the greater Cincinnati metropolitan area during 1980 were reviewed. For the 431 procedures performed in 16 hospitals, the operative stroke rate was 8.6% (37 of 431), and the operative mortality rate was 2.8% (12 of 431). The combined morbidity and mortality was 9.5% (41 of 431). Fifty percent of the procedures were done for asymptomatic carotid disease (216 of 431) and 50% were done for symptomatic carotid disease (215 of 431). The stroke rate was 5.6% for the asymptomatic patients and 11.6% for the symptomatic patients (difference significant, p < 0.05). Neuro-surgeons and vascular surgeons had similar surgical morbidity. All of the operative strokes involved the hemisphere ipsilateral to the endarterectomy. Fifty-seven percent of the operative strokes (21 of 37) occurred after a neurologically intact interval lasting hours to days. Four occurred following combined end arterectomy-coronary bypass surgery, and one was an intracerebral hemorrhage. The other late strokes (17) occurred without evidence for cardiac embolus or hemorrhage, consistent with a thrombogenic-embologenic operative site, and raising the question of need for adjunctive erioperative medical therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing