The potential usage of dual chamber pacing in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators

Patricia J.M. Best, David L. Hayes, Marshall S. Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bradycardia support by ICDs has been limited to fixed rate, ventricular pacing. Concomitant placement of a pacemaker and an ICD exposes a patient to potentially life-threatening device interactions. ICDs capable of dual chamber pacing have recently become available. The number of ICD recipients who stand to benefit from the addition of dual chamber pacing is debated, but no data have addressed this question. This retrospective study analyzed all patients who received nonthoractomy ICD system placement at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN between March 1991 and October 1996 in order to determine the proportion of patients in whom a dual chamber pacing ICD may be indicated. Definitions: (1) Definitely indicated = pacemaker present at ICD implant or NASPE Class I pacing indication; (2) Probably indicated = NASPE Class II pacing indication, NYHA Functional Class III or IV, or history of systolic congestive heart failure; (3) Possibly indicated = history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or an ejection fraction ≤ 20%. The results were that nonthoracotomy ICDs were placed in 253 patients. A dual chamber ICD would have been definitely indicated in 11% of the study group, probably indicated in 28%, and possibly indicated in 14%. Chronic atrial fibrillation was present at ICD implant in 6.7% of patients and developed in 0.9%/yr during follow-up. The addition of dual chamber pacing to ICDs stands to potentially benefit approximately half (53%) of ICD recipients. These data do not address all patients who may benefit from dual chamber sensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume22
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 1999

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Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Dual chamber pacing
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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