The measurement of radiation dose profiles for electron-beam computed tomography using film dosimetry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The unique geometry of electron-beam CT (EBCT) scanners produces radiation dose profiles with widths which can be considerably different from the corresponding nominal scan width. Additionally, EBCT scanners produce both complex (multiple-slice) and narrow (3 mm) radiation profiles. This work describes the measurement of the axial dose distribution from EBCT within a scattering phantom using film dosimetry methods, which offer increased convenience and spatial resolution compared to thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) techniques. Therapy localization film was cut into 8 x 220 mm strips and placed within specially constructed light-tight holders for placement within the cavities of a CT Dose Index (CTDI) phantom. The film was calibrated using a conventional overhead x-ray tube with spectral characteristics matched to the EBCT scanner (130 kVp, 10 mm A1 HVL). The films were digitized at five samples per mm and calibrated dose profiles plotted as a function of z-axis position. Errors due to angle-of-incidence and beam hardening were estimated to be less than 5% and 10%, respectively. The integral exposure under film dose profiles agreed with ion-chamber measurements to within 15%. Exposures measured along the radiation profile differed from TLD measurements by an average of 5%. The film technique provided acceptable accuracy and convenience in comparison to conventional TLD methods, and allowed high spatial-resolution measurement of EBCT radiation dose profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1291
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Physics
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • computed tomography (CT)
  • CT dosimetry
  • electron-beam CT
  • film dosimetry
  • radiation dose profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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