The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1B retains β-amyloid precursor protein at the cell surface and reduces amyloid-β peptide production

Judy A. Cam, Celina V. Zerbinatti, Jane M. Knisely, Silva Hecimovic, Yonghe Li, Guojun Bu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

The low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein 1B (LRP1B) is a newly identified member of the LDL receptor family that shares high homology with the LDL receptor-related protein (LRP). LRP1B was originally described as a putative tumor suppressor in lung cancer cells; however, its expression profile in several regions of adult human brain suggests it may have additional functions in the central nervous system. Since LRP1B has overlapping ligand binding properties with LRP, we investigated whether LRP1B, like LRP, could interact with the β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and modulate its processing to amyloid-β peptides (Aβs). Using an LRP1B minireceptor (mLRP1B4) generated to study the trafficking of LRP1B, we found that mLRP1B4 and APP form an immunoprecipitable complex. Furthermore mLRP1B4 bound and facilitated the degradation of a soluble isoform of APP containing a Hunitz proteinase inhibitor domain but not soluble APP lacking a Kunitz proteinase inhibitor domain. A functional consequence of mLRP1B4 expression was a significant accumulation of APP at the cell surface, which is likely related to the slow endocytosis rate of LRP1B. More importantly, mLRP1B4-expressing cells that accumulated cell surface APP produced less Aβ and secreted more soluble APP. These findings reveal that LRP1B is a novel binding partner of APP that functions to decrease APP processing to Aβ. Consequently LRP1B expression could function to protect against the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29639-29646
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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