The rationale of early surgery for severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) has been developed over the past decade on the basis of the understanding of the natural history of this disease and the predictors of outcomes after surgical correction of MR. The important decrease in operative mortality associated with the advancements in myocardial preservation, and more importantly the improved reparability of the myxomatous mitral valve, were an additional incentive to develop the concept of early surgery. Previous studies showed that mitral valve repair offers a survival advantage at short- and 10-year follow-up, and therefore suggested that it should be the treatment of choice for severe MR due to MVP. Moreover, very recent data provided new insight on the very long-term follow up, ie, beyond the usual first 10 years in which the initial survival benefit of repair may be negated by a late deterioration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine