Background: Despite the success of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs), some patients will require an aseptic reoperation within 1 year of the index THA. The goal of this study is to evaluate the risk of subsequent periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients undergoing an aseptic reoperation within 1 year of a primary THA. Methods: A retrospective review utilizing our institutional joint registry identified 211 primary THAs requiring aseptic reoperation within 1 year following index arthroplasty. A control group of 15,357 primary THAs not requiring reoperation within 1 year was identified. Patients were divided into groups based on time from primary THA to reoperation: (1) within 90 days (n = 112 THAs; 40% for dislocation, 34% for periprosthetic fracture) or (2) 91-365 days (n = 99 THAs; 37% for dislocation, 29% for periprosthetic fracture). Mean follow-up was 7 years. Results: Patients undergoing an aseptic reoperation within 90 days had a PJI rate of 4.8% at 2 years, while the 91-365 day group had a PJI rate of 3.2% at 2 years. The control group had a PJI rate of 0.2% at 2 years. Employing a multivariate analysis, reoperation within 90 days of index arthroplasty had an elevated risk of PJI (hazard ratio 8, P < .001) as did a reoperation between 91 and 365 days (hazard ratio 13, P < .001). Conclusion: Aseptic reoperations within 1 year following primary THA resulted in an 8- to 13-fold increased risk of subsequent PJI. The risk was similar whether the aseptic reoperation was early (within 90 days) or later (91-365 days). Level of Evidence: Level III (Prognostic).
- aseptic reoperations
- periprosthetic fracture
- periprosthetic joint infection
- total hip arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine