The Lawrence D. Dorr Surgical Techniques & Technologies Award: Aseptic Reoperations Within One Year of Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Markedly Increase the Risk of Later Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Ashton H. Goldman, Douglas R. Osmon, Arlen Dale Hanssen, Mark W. Pagnano, Daniel J. Berry, Matthew P. Abdel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite the success of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs), some patients will require an aseptic reoperation within 1 year of the index THA. The goal of this study is to evaluate the risk of subsequent periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients undergoing an aseptic reoperation within 1 year of a primary THA. Methods: A retrospective review utilizing our institutional joint registry identified 211 primary THAs requiring aseptic reoperation within 1 year following index arthroplasty. A control group of 15,357 primary THAs not requiring reoperation within 1 year was identified. Patients were divided into groups based on time from primary THA to reoperation: (1) within 90 days (n = 112 THAs; 40% for dislocation, 34% for periprosthetic fracture) or (2) 91-365 days (n = 99 THAs; 37% for dislocation, 29% for periprosthetic fracture). Mean follow-up was 7 years. Results: Patients undergoing an aseptic reoperation within 90 days had a PJI rate of 4.8% at 2 years, while the 91-365 day group had a PJI rate of 3.2% at 2 years. The control group had a PJI rate of 0.2% at 2 years. Employing a multivariate analysis, reoperation within 90 days of index arthroplasty had an elevated risk of PJI (hazard ratio 8, P < .001) as did a reoperation between 91 and 365 days (hazard ratio 13, P < .001). Conclusion: Aseptic reoperations within 1 year following primary THA resulted in an 8- to 13-fold increased risk of subsequent PJI. The risk was similar whether the aseptic reoperation was early (within 90 days) or later (91-365 days). Level of Evidence: Level III (Prognostic).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S10-S14
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • aseptic reoperations
  • dislocation
  • periprosthetic fracture
  • periprosthetic joint infection
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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