The journal club in postgraduate medical education: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An investigation was made as to whether studies have found journal clubs for physicians in training to be effective for improving patient care, teaching critical appraisal skills, improving reading habits, increasing knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, and increasing the use of medical literature in clinical practice. A literature search was undertaken using 10 databases and retrieval systems and hand searches of journals, conference proceedings and personal files. The rigor of studies meeting the inclusion criteria was analyzed using a protocol based on methods established by the Cochrane Collaboration. One randomized controlled trial found an improvement in knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, reading habits, and the use of medical literature in practice, but no improvement in critical appraisal skills. Six less methodologically rigorous studies found possible improvement in critical appraisal skills. It is concluded that journal clubs may improve knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, reading habits, and the use of medical literature in practice. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial of journal clubs is needed to assess whether journal clubs improve critical appraisal skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Teacher
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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clubs
Medical Education
club
Biostatistics
epidemiology
habits
Habits
Reading
Epidemiology
education
Randomized Controlled Trials
patient care
inclusion
physician
Patient Care
Teaching
literature
Databases
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The journal club in postgraduate medical education : A systematic review. / Ebbert, Jon Owen; Montori, Victor Manuel; Schultz, H. J.

In: Medical Teacher, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2001, p. 455-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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