The journal club in postgraduate medical education: A systematic review

J. O. Ebbert, V. M. Montori, H. J. Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

An investigation was made as to whether studies have found journal clubs for physicians in training to be effective for improving patient care, teaching critical appraisal skills, improving reading habits, increasing knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, and increasing the use of medical literature in clinical practice. A literature search was undertaken using 10 databases and retrieval systems and hand searches of journals, conference proceedings and personal files. The rigor of studies meeting the inclusion criteria was analyzed using a protocol based on methods established by the Cochrane Collaboration. One randomized controlled trial found an improvement in knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, reading habits, and the use of medical literature in practice, but no improvement in critical appraisal skills. Six less methodologically rigorous studies found possible improvement in critical appraisal skills. It is concluded that journal clubs may improve knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, reading habits, and the use of medical literature in practice. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial of journal clubs is needed to assess whether journal clubs improve critical appraisal skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Teacher
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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