Intratracheal instillation of endotoxin (LPS) causes acute pulmonary inflammation characterized by the accumulation of plasma proteins and leukocytes within the pulmonary airways. The synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone 1) inhibits the LPS-initiated vascular leak of plasma proteins into the airspace, 2) inhibits the LPS-initiated emigration of neutrophils and lymphocytes into the airspace in a dose-dependent fashion, and 3) inhibits LPS-initiated mRNA and/or bronchoalveolar lavage protein expression of cytokines (TNF, IL-1 and IL-6) and chemokines (MIP-1α, MIP-2 and MCP-1). In conclusion, dexamethasone inhibits both the vascular and cellular aspects of acute inflammation by downregulation of a broad spectrum of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy