Heart failure (HF) is a complex and multifaceted disease. The disease affects multiple organ systems, including the respiratory system. This review provides three unique examples illustrating how the cardiovascular and respiratory systems interrelate because of the pathology of HF. Specifically, these examples outline the impact of HF pathophysiology on 1) respiratory mechanics and the mechanical "cost" of breathing; 2) mechanical interactions of the heart and lungs; and on 3) abnormalities of pulmonary gas exchange during exercise, and how this may be applied to treatment. The goal of this review is to, therefore, raise the awareness that HF, though primarily a disease of the heart, is accompanied by marked pathology of the respiratory system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)