The insulin-like growth factor, somatomedin C, induces the synthesis of cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P-450 and adrenodoxin in ovarian cells

Johannes D Veldhuis, R. J. Rodgers, A. Dee, E. R. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The actions of insulin and somatomedin C (insulin-like growth factor I) on cholesterol side-chain cleavage activity and the synthesis of cytochrome P-450(scc) and adrenodoxin were investigated in primary cultures of swine ovarian (granulosa) cells. Nanomolar concentrations of pure human somatomedin C stimulated biosynthesis of progesterone and 20α-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one. Moreover, in the presence of exogenous sterol substrate for cholesterol side-chain cleavage, somatomedin C significantly enhanced pregnenolone biosynthesis in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This augmentation of functional cholesterol side-chain cleavage activity was accompanied by a dose-dependent (2-16-fold) increase in [35S]methionine incorporation into specific immunoprecipitable cytochrome P-450(scc) and adrenodoxin. Micromolar concentrations of insulin (but not proinsulin or desoctapeptide) also induced synthesis of cholesterol side-chain cleavage constitutents by 4-7-fold. These results demonstrate that an insulin-like growth factor, somatomedin C, exerts discrete differentiating effects on ovarian cells characterized by increased synthesis of immunospecific cytochrome P-450(scc) and adrenodoxin. Thus, we infer that somatomedin C may serve a critical role in the differentiation of steroidogenic cells in the mammalian ovary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2499-2502
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Adrenodoxin
Somatomedins
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Cholesterol
Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme
Biosynthesis
Insulin
Proinsulin
Pregnenolone
Granulosa Cells
Sterols
Methionine
Progesterone
Cell Differentiation
Ovary
Swine
Cells
Substrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

The insulin-like growth factor, somatomedin C, induces the synthesis of cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P-450 and adrenodoxin in ovarian cells. / Veldhuis, Johannes D; Rodgers, R. J.; Dee, A.; Simpson, E. R.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 261, No. 6, 1986, p. 2499-2502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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