Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) is secreted by normal human osteoblast-like (hOB) cells and acts as a potent inhibitor of IGF action. hOB cells also secrete a protease, which requires IGFs for activation and specifically cleaves IGFBP-4. To study the regulation of this IGFBP-4 protease, hOB cells from 26 different adult donors were cultured in serum-free medium for 24 h in the absence or presence of hormones and other factors known to regulate bone growth. hOB cell-conditioned medium (hOB-CM) was collected for measurement of IGFBP-4 protease activity in a cell-free assay. This assay involved incubation of hOB-CM (50 microL) without or with IGF-II at 37 C for 6 h. IGF-II-activated IGFBP-4 hydrolysis was assessed by Western ligand blotting and quantitated using laser densitometry. Conditioned medium from all hOB cells examined exhibited IGFBP-4 protease activity. PTH, GH, insulin, calcitonin, glucocorticoids, sex steroids, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and epidermal growth factor had no significant effect on IGF-dependent IGFBP-4 protease activity. In comparison, hOB-CM from cells treated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) exhibited significantly augmented IGF-II-dependent proteolysis of endogenous IGFBP-4. Enhanced proteolysis of exogenous IGFBP-4 was also demonstrated: 1) 92% of recombinant human IGFBP-4 added to conditioned medium from TGF beta-treated hOB cells was hydrolyzed during the assay in the presence of IGF-II compared to 45% of recombinant human IGFBP-4 added to control hOB-CM; and 2) increased radiolabeled IGFBP-4 fragments were generated in conditioned medium from TGF beta-treated hOB cells compared with control hOB-CM in the presence of IGF-II. In addition to its effect on IGFBP-4 proteolysis, TGF beta treatment decreased IGFBP-4 messenger ribonucleic acid expression, as measured by Northern analysis. Our results indicate that the IGFBP-4-IGFBP-4 protease system in hOB cells can be controlled by two of the most abundant local growth factors for bone (IGF-II and TGF beta), with each acting via different mechanisms. Regulation of IGFBP-4 availability may play an important role in the modulation of bone cell responsiveness to IGFs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical