The initial recognition and diagnosis of dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dementia is characterized by a decline in cognition, behavioral disturbances, and interference with daily functioning and independence. Diagnosis is sometimes delayed as patients or family members often misattribute obvious manifestations of cognitive decline to normal aging rather than to the onset of a degenerative disease. Many physicians do not perform mental status examinations or do not use them effectively to detect early symptoms. Clinical markers are available to decrease the difficulty in distinguishing dementia from depression and confusional states such as delirium. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia; others include rapidly progressive dementias, dementias associated with strokes and Parkinson's disease, and frontotemporal dementias. Often, AD coexists with other forms of dementia. Sensitivity to early warning signs, interviews with family members, and mental status examinations are essential to early detection of AD, and will prove useful to primary-care physicians who care for older patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume104
Issue number4 A
StatePublished - Apr 27 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Frontotemporal Dementia
Confusion
Delirium
Primary Care Physicians
Cognition
Parkinson Disease
Recognition (Psychology)
Early Diagnosis
Patient Care
Biomarkers
Stroke
Interviews
Depression
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

The initial recognition and diagnosis of dementia. / Knopman, David S.

In: American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 104, No. 4 A, 27.04.1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aece9bcd14e744c3a87bda3f4cd2f783,
title = "The initial recognition and diagnosis of dementia",
abstract = "Dementia is characterized by a decline in cognition, behavioral disturbances, and interference with daily functioning and independence. Diagnosis is sometimes delayed as patients or family members often misattribute obvious manifestations of cognitive decline to normal aging rather than to the onset of a degenerative disease. Many physicians do not perform mental status examinations or do not use them effectively to detect early symptoms. Clinical markers are available to decrease the difficulty in distinguishing dementia from depression and confusional states such as delirium. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia; others include rapidly progressive dementias, dementias associated with strokes and Parkinson's disease, and frontotemporal dementias. Often, AD coexists with other forms of dementia. Sensitivity to early warning signs, interviews with family members, and mental status examinations are essential to early detection of AD, and will prove useful to primary-care physicians who care for older patients.",
author = "Knopman, {David S}",
year = "1998",
month = "4",
day = "27",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "104",
journal = "American Journal of Medicine",
issn = "0002-9343",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4 A",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The initial recognition and diagnosis of dementia

AU - Knopman, David S

PY - 1998/4/27

Y1 - 1998/4/27

N2 - Dementia is characterized by a decline in cognition, behavioral disturbances, and interference with daily functioning and independence. Diagnosis is sometimes delayed as patients or family members often misattribute obvious manifestations of cognitive decline to normal aging rather than to the onset of a degenerative disease. Many physicians do not perform mental status examinations or do not use them effectively to detect early symptoms. Clinical markers are available to decrease the difficulty in distinguishing dementia from depression and confusional states such as delirium. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia; others include rapidly progressive dementias, dementias associated with strokes and Parkinson's disease, and frontotemporal dementias. Often, AD coexists with other forms of dementia. Sensitivity to early warning signs, interviews with family members, and mental status examinations are essential to early detection of AD, and will prove useful to primary-care physicians who care for older patients.

AB - Dementia is characterized by a decline in cognition, behavioral disturbances, and interference with daily functioning and independence. Diagnosis is sometimes delayed as patients or family members often misattribute obvious manifestations of cognitive decline to normal aging rather than to the onset of a degenerative disease. Many physicians do not perform mental status examinations or do not use them effectively to detect early symptoms. Clinical markers are available to decrease the difficulty in distinguishing dementia from depression and confusional states such as delirium. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia; others include rapidly progressive dementias, dementias associated with strokes and Parkinson's disease, and frontotemporal dementias. Often, AD coexists with other forms of dementia. Sensitivity to early warning signs, interviews with family members, and mental status examinations are essential to early detection of AD, and will prove useful to primary-care physicians who care for older patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032571731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032571731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9617846

AN - SCOPUS:0032571731

VL - 104

JO - American Journal of Medicine

JF - American Journal of Medicine

SN - 0002-9343

IS - 4 A

ER -