The influence of stress responses on surgical performance and outcomes: Literature review and the development of the surgical stress effects (SSE) framework

Kristin L. Chrouser, Jie Xu, Susan Hallbeck, Matthew B. Weinger, Melissa R. Partin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Surgical adverse events persist despite several decades of system-based quality improvement efforts, suggesting the need for alternative strategies. Qualitative studies suggest stress-induced negative intraoperative interpersonal dynamics might contribute to performance errors and undesirable patient outcomes. Understanding the impact of intraoperative stressors may be critical to reducing adverse events and improving outcomes. Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, psycINFO, EMBASE, Business Source Premier, and CINAHL databases (1996–2016) to assess the relationship between negative (emotional and behavioral) responses to acute intraoperative stressors and provider performance or patient surgical outcomes. Results/Conclusions: Drawing on theory and evidence from reviewed studies, we present the Surgical Stress Effects (SSE) framework. This illustrates how emotional and behavioral responses to stressors can influence individual surgical provider (e.g. surgeon, nurse) performance, team performance, and patient outcomes. It also demonstrates how uncompensated intraoperative threats and errors can lead to adverse events, highlighting evidence gaps for future research efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Emotions
  • Operating room
  • Patient safety
  • Psychological
  • Stress
  • Surgeons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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