The influence of sex and obesity phenotype on meal fatty acid metabolism before and after weight loss

Sylvia Santosa, Donald D. Hensrud, Susanne B. Votruba, Michael D. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Regional differences in meal fat storage may explain the preservation of fat accumulation in obese persons. Objective: The objective was to determine whether meal fatty acid (FA) metabolism differs by sex and obesity phenotypes before and after weight loss. Design: A [3H]triolein- containing meal was given to trace meal FA oxidation (3H2O generation) and adipose tissue uptake (abdominal subcutaneous and gluteal biopsy samples) in 13 upperbody obese (UOb) men, 9 UOb women, and 8 lower-body obese (LOb) women (study 1). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal computed tomography were used to measure fat distribution. The subjects participated in a diet and exercise weightloss program, after which 23 subjects returned for an identical study (study 2). Results: In study 1, the storage of meal FA (mg meal fat/g adipose lipid) was greater in gluteal than in abdominal fat (P = 0.022) in LOb women, but not in UOb women or UOb men. UOb men stored a lesser percentage of meal FAs in both upper- and lower-body subcutaneous fat than did the LOb and UOb women (P = 0.001 and P = 0.044, respectively). The participants who returned for study 2 had lost 14.1 ± 1.1 kg. Changes in the uptake of meal FAs followed a pattern indicative of obesity phenotype maintenance by group. The uptake of meal FAs increased in upper-body subcutaneous fat (P = 0.028) in weight-reduced UOb women and UOb men (P = 0.046) and decreased in lower-body fat (P = 0.025) in UOb men. Conclusion: The differences in meal FA trafficking by obesity phenotype suggest that meal FA storage may play a role in regulating body fat distribution in obese persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1134-1141
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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