The influence of hospital market competition on patient mortality and total performance score

Donald Robert Haley, Mei Zhao, Aaron Spaulding, Hanadi Hamadi, Jing Xu, Katelyn Yeomans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The Affordable Care Act of 2010 launch of Medicare Value-Based Purchasing has become the platform for payment reform. It is a mechanism by which buyers of health care services hold providers accountable for high-quality and cost-effective care. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between quality of hospital care and hospital competition using the quality-quantity behavioral model of hospital behavior. The quality-quantity behavioral model of hospital behavior was used as the conceptual framework for this study. Data from the American Hospital Association database, the Hospital Compare database, and the Area Health Resources Files database were used. Multivariate regression analysis was used to examine the effect of hospital competition on patient mortality. Hospital market competition was significantly and negatively related to the 3 mortality rates. Consistent with the literature, hospitals located in more competitive markets had lower mortality rates for patients with acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia. The results suggest that hospitals may be more readily to compete on quality of care and patient outcomes. The findings are important because policies that seek to control and negatively influence a competitive hospital environment, such as Certificate of Need legislation, may negatively affect patient mortality rates. Therefore, policymakers should encourage the development of policies that facilitate a more competitive and transparent health care marketplace to potentially and significantly improve patient mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-230
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Care Manager
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 26 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Health care quality
  • Hospital competition
  • Medicare
  • Total performance score
  • Value-based purchasing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Care Planning


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