The impact of uterine leiomyomas: A national survey of affected women

Bijan J Borah, Wanda K. Nicholson, Linda Bradley, Elizabeth A Stewart

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91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective We sought to characterize the impact of uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) in a racially diverse sample of women in the United States. Study Design A total of 968 women (573 white, 268 African American, 127 other races) aged 29-59 years with self-reported symptomatic uterine leiomyomas participated in a national survey. We assessed diagnosis, information seeking, attitudes about fertility, impact on work, and treatment preferences. Frequencies and percentages were summarized. The χ2 test was used to compare age groups. Results Women waited an average of 3.6 years before seeking treatment for leiomyomas, and 41% saw ≥2 health care providers for diagnosis. Almost a third of employed respondents (28%) reported missing work due to leiomyoma symptoms, and 24% believed that their symptoms prevented them from reaching their career potential. Women expressed desire for treatments that do not involve invasive surgery (79%), preserve the uterus (51%), and preserve fertility (43% of women aged <40 years). Conclusion Uterine leiomyomas cause significant morbidity. When considering treatment, women are most concerned about surgical options, especially women aged <40 years who want to preserve fertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume209
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

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Keywords

  • hysterectomy
  • leiomyoma
  • quality of life
  • symptoms
  • uterine fibroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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