The impact of consecutive terrorist attacks on road accidents in Israel

J. J.M. Askenasy, R. Goldstein, N. Askenasy, V. K. Somers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the effect on nationwide road accidents of five terrorist attacks occurring in Israel during the years 1996 and 1997. Methods: Road accidents) were analyzed on a daily and hourly basis for periods of 3 weeks, including the days of terrorist attacks. The attacks took place in two series, the first in 1996, between Sunday 25(th) February and Monday 4(th) March (3 attacks) and the second in 1997, on Thursday August 28(th) and Thursday September 4(th) (two attacks). Results: The daily analysis showed an increase in total road accident number only on the day of the first attack. Analysis of road accidents incidence per hour revealed an immediate response to the catastrophic events. Conclusion: The data support the concept that terrorist attacks had a significant impact on drivers' behavior and attention, resulting in an increase in the rate of road accidents. An adaptive process to serial terrorist attacks was evident. This adaptive phenomenon lasted less than one year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Traffic Medicine
Volume27
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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