The impact of adding posterior instrumentation to transpsoas lateral fusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mohammed Ali Alvi, Redab Alkhataybeh, Waseem Wahood, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Sandy Goncalves, M. Hassan Murad, Mohamad Bydon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVETranspsoas lateral interbody fusion is one of the lateral minimally invasive approaches for lumbar spine surgery. Most surgeons insert the interbody cage laterally and then insert pedicle or cortical screw and rod instrumentation posteriorly. However, standalone cages have also been used to avoid posterior instrumentation. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the literature on comparison of the two approaches is sparse.METHODSThe authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature on transpsoas lateral interbody fusion by an electronic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases using PRISMA guidelines. They compared patients undergoing transpsoas standalone fusion (TP) with those undergoing transpsoas fusion with posterior instrumentation (TPP).RESULTSA total of 28 studies with 1462 patients were included. Three hundred and seventy-four patients underwent TPP, and 956 patients underwent TP. The mean patient age ranged from 45.7 to 68 years in the TP group, and 50 to 67.7 years in the TPP group. The incidence of reoperation was found to be higher for TP (0.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04-0.11) compared to TPP (0.03, 95% CI 0.01-0.06; p = 0.057). Similarly, the incidence of cage movement was found to be greater in TP (0.18, 95% CI 0.10-0.26) compared to TPP (0.03, 95% CI 0.00-0.05; p < 0.001). Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores and postoperative transient deficits were found to be comparable between the two groups.CONCLUSIONSThese results appear to suggest that addition of posterior instrumentation to transpsoas fusion is associated with decreased reoperations and cage movements. The results of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses should be reevaluated in light of these results, which seem to suggest that higher reoperation and subsidence rates may be due to the use of the standalone technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-221
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neurosurgery. Spine
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2018

Keywords

  • GRADE = Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation
  • lumbar fusion
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • ODI = Oswestry Disability Index
  • PRISMA = Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
  • spine surgery
  • TP = standalone transpsoas lateral lumbar interbody fusion
  • TPP = transpsoas lateral lumbar interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation
  • transpsoas
  • VAS = visual analog scale
  • XLIF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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