The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements

L. N. Peritz, E. J B Fodor, D. W. Silversides, P. A. Cattini, J. D. Baxter, N. L. Eberhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A subset of DNA sequences in the 5'-flanking DNA of the human growth hormone (hGH) gene was examined by protein-DNA binding and gene transfer-expression experiments. Two adjacent cis-acting elements (I and II) were identified between nucleotides -308/-235 of the hGH gene that modulated the expression of a linked reporter gene in transfected HeLa cells. Elements I and II repressed gene expression whereas element II alone activated it. HeLa whole cell extracts contain two factors that bind hGH DNA carrying elements I and II. Factor I binds to single-stranded DNA, and its binding is correlated with repression of gene expression. Factor II binds between nucleotides -275/-257 of the hGH gene. This region is homologous to the binding site for the adenovirus major late transcription factor, and factor II binding to hGH DNA is competed by adenovirus major late promoter DNA, indicating that the hGH and major late adenovirus promoters share a transcription regulatory element.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5005-5007
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Human Growth Hormone
Genes
Gene Expression
DNA
HeLa Cells
Adenoviridae
Gene expression
Nucleotides
Gene transfer
Single-Stranded DNA
DNA sequences
DNA-Binding Proteins
Transcription
Cell Extracts
Reporter Genes
Binding Sites
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Peritz, L. N., Fodor, E. J. B., Silversides, D. W., Cattini, P. A., Baxter, J. D., & Eberhardt, N. L. (1988). The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 263(11), 5005-5007.

The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements. / Peritz, L. N.; Fodor, E. J B; Silversides, D. W.; Cattini, P. A.; Baxter, J. D.; Eberhardt, N. L.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 263, No. 11, 1988, p. 5005-5007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peritz, LN, Fodor, EJB, Silversides, DW, Cattini, PA, Baxter, JD & Eberhardt, NL 1988, 'The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 263, no. 11, pp. 5005-5007.
Peritz LN, Fodor EJB, Silversides DW, Cattini PA, Baxter JD, Eberhardt NL. The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1988;263(11):5005-5007.
Peritz, L. N. ; Fodor, E. J B ; Silversides, D. W. ; Cattini, P. A. ; Baxter, J. D. ; Eberhardt, N. L. / The human growth hormone gene contains both positive and negative control elements. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1988 ; Vol. 263, No. 11. pp. 5005-5007.
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