The hispanic paradox in cardiovascular disease and total mortality

Jose Medina-Inojosa, Nathalie Jean, Mery Cortes-Bergoderi, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Health statistics and epidemiologic studies have shown that Hispanics live longer than Non Hispanic Whites, despite a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and an average low socioeconomic status, both strong predictors of CVD and mortality. This phenomenon has been dubbed "The Hispanic paradox" and has been demonstrated in old and contemporary cohorts. To date, no factor has been identified that could explain this phenomenon, but socio demographic factors, dietary intake and genetic predisposition have been proposed as possible explanations for the Hispanic paradox. As with the French paradox, where French were found to have a lower rate of coronary heart disease (CHD), helped to identify the role of the Mediterranean diet and wine consumption in the prevention of CHD, the Hispanic paradox could help identify protective factors against CHD. This article describes the current evidence supporting the existence of the Hispanic paradox and provides a brief review on the possible explanations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Ethnicity
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Mortality
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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