The gastrointestinal tract and glucose tolerance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review: The development of incretin hormones and incretin analogues for the therapy of diabetes highlights the importance of the gastrointestinal tract in the maintenance of glucose tolerance. Recent findings: The review focuses on recent information on the role of incretins and their breakdown products on insulin secretion, gastric emptying, and satiety. The importance of gastric emptying and its absorptive potential as well as of dietary composition on gastric emptying and glucose tolerance is highlighted. The concept of a portal glucose sensor in humans has been the subject of some controversy but has been recently revisited. Summary: The gastrointestinal tract plays an important part in glucose tolerance. In this review we have examined how factors altering gastric emptying, insulin secretion in response to meal ingestion, and gastric emptying contribute to the maintenance and deterioration of glucose tolerance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Fingerprint

gastric emptying
Gastric Emptying
glucose tolerance
gastrointestinal system
Gastrointestinal Tract
secretin
Incretins
Glucose
insulin secretion
Maintenance
Insulin
satiety
Meals
diabetes
Eating
deterioration
hormones
ingestion
Hormones
therapeutics

Keywords

  • Gastric emptying
  • Glucose intolerance
  • Incretin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

The gastrointestinal tract and glucose tolerance. / Vella, Adrian; Camilleri, Michael; Rizza, Robert A.

In: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, Vol. 7, No. 4, 07.2004, p. 479-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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