The Frequency of Carotid Intraplaque Hemorrhage on Vessel Wall Imaging in Patients With Retinal Artery Occlusion: A Cross-Sectional Prevalence Study

Anthony S. Larson, John J. Chen, M. Tariq Bhatti, James P. Klaas, Giuseppe Lanzino, John Huston, Waleed Brinjikji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) in a carotid artery plaque viewed on vessel wall imaging has been shown to be associated with ischemic stroke. Whether such an association between carotid IPH and retinal artery occlusion (RAO) exists remains unknown. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prevalence study. Medical and imaging records of all patients who underwent neck MRA with plaque imaging sequences at our institution from 2015 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Fourteen patients with confirmed RAO and plaque imaging performed within 6 weeks of presentation were included. A group of 211 patients without a prior ischemic event (RAO, stroke, etc.) with plaque imaging were used as controls. A single artery from control patients was randomly selected. The prevalence of IPH and degree of ipsilateral carotid stenosis were compared between RAO and control patients. Multiple regression analysis was performed to determine independent associations between variables and RAO. RESULTS: Five patients (35.7%) with RAO had imaging evidence of ipsilateral IPH in contrast to 7 of 211 (3.3%) patients in the control group (odds ratio [OR]: 16.2, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 4.3-61.1, P = 0.0002). Of the 5 patients with RAO and ipsilateral IPH, only one (20.0%) was found to ipsilateral carotid stenosis greater than 70%. Carotid IPH was the only variable that was independently associated with RAO (OR: 12.6, 95% CI = 2.2-73.6, P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Carotid IPH is independently associated with RAO. The use of plaque imaging in the evaluation of patients with acute RAO is therefore supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e572-e577
JournalJournal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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