The forgotten myeloproliferative disorder: Myeloid metaplasia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia is a hematologic disorder currently classified with polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia as a chronic myeloproliferative disease. The median age at diagnosis is 60 years, and more than 90% of patients are diagnosed after age 40 years. Clinical manifestations include massive splenomegaly, progressive anemia, profound constitutional symptoms, and extramedullary hematopoiesis. The diagnosis is confirmed by bone marrow examination after other causes of myelofibrosis are ruled out. Median survival is 5 years and causes of death include leukemic transformation. Prognosis is adversely affected by the presence of anemia (hemoglobin <10 g/dl), leukopenia or leukocytosis (white blood cells >30,000/μl), circulating blasts, and hypercatabolic symptoms. Conventional treatment is palliative and does not improve survival. In this regard, androgen preparations, corticosteroids, and erythropoietin are useful for the treatment of disease-associated anemia. Symptomatic splenomegaly is best managed by cytoreductive therapy or surgical removal. Radiation therapy is most useful in the treatment of nonhepatosplenic extramedullary hematopoiesis. New treatment approaches include the use of thalidomide alone or in combination with prednisone and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalOncologist
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2003

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Myeloproliferative disorder
  • Transplantation
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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