The five-factor model of personality: Findings in males with spinal cord injury

Daniel E. Rohe, James S. Krause

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to identify common personality traits in males with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). One hundred and five participants with SCI completed the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI). The participants averaged 41.1 years of age and 17.9 years since injury onset. Compared with the NEO-PI normative sample, the SCI sample scored significantly lower on the Conscientiousness factor and the Activity and Assertiveness facet scales. They scored significantly higher on the Excitement-Seeking scale. These results suggest that males with SCI are less determined, have lower energy levels, are socially retiring, and that they tend to seek stimulation. These findings may reflect the contribution of both preinjury personality traits and adaptation to the limitations imposed by SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1999


  • Adjustment to disability
  • Five-factor model
  • NEO Personality Inventory
  • Personality
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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