The Evaluation of a 19-Year-Old With Hypertension and Proteinuria: A Case Report

Mara Edison, Matthew Meunier, Nathaniel Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A 19-year-old male presented to the clinic and was found to be prehypertensive and have proteinuria on urine testing. He was subsequently diagnosed with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Initial workup for pediatric hypertension includes urinalysis, chemistry panel, lipid panel, and renal ultrasound. Abnormalities on urinalysis, including proteinuria, hypercholesterolemia, and low serum albumin in children are characteristic of nephrotic disease. FSGS is a type of kidney pathology that often contributes to nephrotic disease and results from a variety of causes. For the primary care provider, being aware of the guidelines for pediatric hypertension screening and evaluation is important as 20% of children with hypertensive disease are due to kidney disease. FSGS is the third leading cause of end-stage renal disease in children aged 12 to 19 years, and its incidence was found to be rising in a study of Olmsted County, MN residents. Treatment to complete or partial remission of the proteinuria can slow the progression of renal disease. In this case report, we will discuss the evaluation of pediatric hypertension workup with proteinuria, specifically due to FSGS, and review current management strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • children
  • disease management
  • health outcomes
  • patient-centeredness
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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