The Essentials of Parathyroid Hormone Venous Sampling

Bedros Taslakian, Scott O. Trerotola, Barry Sacks, Rahmi Oklu, Amy Deipolyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Hyperparathyroidism is an excess of parathyroid hormone in the blood due to over-activity of one or more parathyroid gland. Localization of abnormal glands with noninvasive imaging modalities, such as technetium sestamibi scan and cross-sectional imaging, has a high success rate. Parathyroid venous sampling is performed for patients with persistent or recurrent disease after previous parathyroid surgery, when repeat noninvasive imaging studies are negative or discordant. The success of invasive localization studies and results interpretation is dependent on the interventional radiologist’s understanding of the normal and ectopic anatomic locations of parathyroid glands, as well as their blood supply and venous drainage. Anatomic and technical considerations for selective parathyroid venous sampling are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-21
Number of pages13
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Interventional radiology
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Parathyroid venous sampling
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Selective venous sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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