The effects of myostatin on adipogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells are mediated through cross-communication between Smad3 and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways

Wen Guo, John Flanagan, Ravi Jasuja, James L Kirkland, Lan Jiang, Shalender Bhasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of myostatin on adipogenic differentiation are poorly understood, and the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We determined the effects of human recombinant myostatin protein on adipogenesis of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and adipose tissue-derived preadipocytes. For both progenitor cell types, differentiation in the presence of myostatin caused a dose-dependent reduction of lipid accumulation and diminished incorporation of exogenous fatty acid into cellular lipids. Myostatin significantly down-regulated the expression of adipocyte markers PPARγ, C/EBPα, leptin, and aP2, but not C/EBPβ. Overexpression of PPARγ, but not C/EBPβ, blocked the inhibitory effects of myostatin on adipogenesis. Myostatin induced phosphorylation of Smad3 in hMSCs; knockdown of Smad3 by RNAi or inhibition of its upstream kinase by an Alk5 inhibitor blocked the inhibitory effect of myostatin on adipogenesis in hMSCs, implying an important role of Smad3 activation in this event. Furthermore, myostatin enhanced nuclear translocation of β-catenin and formation of the Smad3-β-catenin-TCF4 complex, together with the altered expression of a number of Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in hMSCs. The inhibitory effects of myostatin on adipogenesis were blocked by RNAi silencing of β-catenin and diminished by overexpression of dominant-negative TCF4. The conclusion is that myostatin inhibited adipogenesis in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and preadipocytes. These effects were mediated, in part, by activation of Smad3 and cross-communication of the TGFβ/Smad signal to Wnt/β-catenin/TCF4 pathway, leading to down-regulation of PPARγ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9136-9145
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Myostatin
Catenins
Wnt Signaling Pathway
Stem cells
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Bone
Bone Marrow
Communication
Adipogenesis
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
RNA Interference
Chemical activation
Lipids
Recombinant proteins
Phosphorylation
Leptin
Recombinant Proteins
Adipocytes
Adipose Tissue
Cell Differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

The effects of myostatin on adipogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells are mediated through cross-communication between Smad3 and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways. / Guo, Wen; Flanagan, John; Jasuja, Ravi; Kirkland, James L; Jiang, Lan; Bhasin, Shalender.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 283, No. 14, 04.04.2008, p. 9136-9145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The effects of myostatin on adipogenic differentiation are poorly understood, and the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We determined the effects of human recombinant myostatin protein on adipogenesis of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and adipose tissue-derived preadipocytes. For both progenitor cell types, differentiation in the presence of myostatin caused a dose-dependent reduction of lipid accumulation and diminished incorporation of exogenous fatty acid into cellular lipids. Myostatin significantly down-regulated the expression of adipocyte markers PPARγ, C/EBPα, leptin, and aP2, but not C/EBPβ. Overexpression of PPARγ, but not C/EBPβ, blocked the inhibitory effects of myostatin on adipogenesis. Myostatin induced phosphorylation of Smad3 in hMSCs; knockdown of Smad3 by RNAi or inhibition of its upstream kinase by an Alk5 inhibitor blocked the inhibitory effect of myostatin on adipogenesis in hMSCs, implying an important role of Smad3 activation in this event. Furthermore, myostatin enhanced nuclear translocation of β-catenin and formation of the Smad3-β-catenin-TCF4 complex, together with the altered expression of a number of Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in hMSCs. The inhibitory effects of myostatin on adipogenesis were blocked by RNAi silencing of β-catenin and diminished by overexpression of dominant-negative TCF4. The conclusion is that myostatin inhibited adipogenesis in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and preadipocytes. These effects were mediated, in part, by activation of Smad3 and cross-communication of the TGFβ/Smad signal to Wnt/β-catenin/TCF4 pathway, leading to down-regulation of PPARγ.",
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