The acute and chronic effects of daily, oral ciclosporin (CS) therapy (25 mg/kg) on proteinuria, blood pressure, renal function and histology were studied in rats subjected to unilateral nephrectomy and 3 weekly intraperitoneal injections of the aminonucleoside of puromycin (PAN). PAN therapy resulted in heavy proteinuria by week 4 which declined by weeks 8 and 16. When CS therapy was started several weeks after the last dose of PAN, acute, transient reductions in proteinuria and reversible rises in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were observed. When CS or oil therapy was started with PAN and continued for 8 or 16 weeks, there were no differences in proteinuria; however, after 16 weeks, CS treated rats had significantly higher BUN levels [65 ± 11 (23.2 ± 3.9) vs. 41 ± 5 mg/dl (14.6 ± 1.8 mmol/l); p = 0.001], a higher percentage of sclerotic glomeruli (47 ± 7 vs. 28 ± 10%; p < 0.0001) and extensive interstitial fibrosis. There was a strong correlation between glomerulosclerosis and extent of interstitial fibrosis (r = 0.951; p < 0.0001). These studies demonstrate that rats with experimental focal glomerulosclerosis treated with CS show an acute, transient reduction in proteinuria; however, chronic (for 16 weeks) CS therapy significantly increases azotemia and results in an increase in glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1990|
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