The effects of age and skill level on knee musculature co-contraction during functional activities: A systematic review

K. R. Ford, J. Van Den Bogert, G. D. Myer, R. Shapiro, Timothy Hewett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To systematically review the current literature that relates the effects of age and skill level to motor control patterns of knee musculature co-contraction during functional movements. Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed with the search terms specifying co-contraction (cocontract*, co-contract*, coactive* or co-activ*). The search was focused on the effects age and/or skill level and were limited by the keywords of age or skill level (skill*) or experience (experi*). Results: The search yielded a total of six peer-reviewed manuscripts that met the search criteria and were included in the review. Conclusions: The relationship between adequate dynamic joint stability and efficient movement patterns are complex. Co-contraction related to age and skill development varies among studies due to technical and practical considerations. Adequate antagonistic co-contraction of hamstring musculature seems to be a component of all functional movements, possibly maintain dynamic knee stability and protect against excessive joint loads. Future investigations that further delineate the appropriate lower extremity agonist and antagonist relationships during dynamic tasks may help elucidate injury risk mechanisms in specific populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Knee
Joints
Manuscripts
Contracts
Lower Extremity
Databases
Wounds and Injuries
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The effects of age and skill level on knee musculature co-contraction during functional activities : A systematic review. / Ford, K. R.; Van Den Bogert, J.; Myer, G. D.; Shapiro, R.; Hewett, Timothy.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 42, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 561-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{d9182c4265d44e06bfb2f984d1ef875f,
title = "The effects of age and skill level on knee musculature co-contraction during functional activities: A systematic review",
abstract = "Objectives: To systematically review the current literature that relates the effects of age and skill level to motor control patterns of knee musculature co-contraction during functional movements. Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed with the search terms specifying co-contraction (cocontract*, co-contract*, coactive* or co-activ*). The search was focused on the effects age and/or skill level and were limited by the keywords of age or skill level (skill*) or experience (experi*). Results: The search yielded a total of six peer-reviewed manuscripts that met the search criteria and were included in the review. Conclusions: The relationship between adequate dynamic joint stability and efficient movement patterns are complex. Co-contraction related to age and skill development varies among studies due to technical and practical considerations. Adequate antagonistic co-contraction of hamstring musculature seems to be a component of all functional movements, possibly maintain dynamic knee stability and protect against excessive joint loads. Future investigations that further delineate the appropriate lower extremity agonist and antagonist relationships during dynamic tasks may help elucidate injury risk mechanisms in specific populations.",
author = "Ford, {K. R.} and {Van Den Bogert}, J. and Myer, {G. D.} and R. Shapiro and Timothy Hewett",
year = "2008",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1136/bjsm.2007.044883",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "561--566",
journal = "British Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0306-3674",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of age and skill level on knee musculature co-contraction during functional activities

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Ford, K. R.

AU - Van Den Bogert, J.

AU - Myer, G. D.

AU - Shapiro, R.

AU - Hewett, Timothy

PY - 2008/7

Y1 - 2008/7

N2 - Objectives: To systematically review the current literature that relates the effects of age and skill level to motor control patterns of knee musculature co-contraction during functional movements. Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed with the search terms specifying co-contraction (cocontract*, co-contract*, coactive* or co-activ*). The search was focused on the effects age and/or skill level and were limited by the keywords of age or skill level (skill*) or experience (experi*). Results: The search yielded a total of six peer-reviewed manuscripts that met the search criteria and were included in the review. Conclusions: The relationship between adequate dynamic joint stability and efficient movement patterns are complex. Co-contraction related to age and skill development varies among studies due to technical and practical considerations. Adequate antagonistic co-contraction of hamstring musculature seems to be a component of all functional movements, possibly maintain dynamic knee stability and protect against excessive joint loads. Future investigations that further delineate the appropriate lower extremity agonist and antagonist relationships during dynamic tasks may help elucidate injury risk mechanisms in specific populations.

AB - Objectives: To systematically review the current literature that relates the effects of age and skill level to motor control patterns of knee musculature co-contraction during functional movements. Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed with the search terms specifying co-contraction (cocontract*, co-contract*, coactive* or co-activ*). The search was focused on the effects age and/or skill level and were limited by the keywords of age or skill level (skill*) or experience (experi*). Results: The search yielded a total of six peer-reviewed manuscripts that met the search criteria and were included in the review. Conclusions: The relationship between adequate dynamic joint stability and efficient movement patterns are complex. Co-contraction related to age and skill development varies among studies due to technical and practical considerations. Adequate antagonistic co-contraction of hamstring musculature seems to be a component of all functional movements, possibly maintain dynamic knee stability and protect against excessive joint loads. Future investigations that further delineate the appropriate lower extremity agonist and antagonist relationships during dynamic tasks may help elucidate injury risk mechanisms in specific populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=47349121025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=47349121025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bjsm.2007.044883

DO - 10.1136/bjsm.2007.044883

M3 - Review article

C2 - 18308891

AN - SCOPUS:47349121025

VL - 42

SP - 561

EP - 566

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

IS - 7

ER -