The effect of polyphenol-rich chardonnay seed supplements on peripheral endothelial function

Michel T. Corban, Robert Jay Widmer, Rebecca Cilluffo, Makinzee A. Kazeck, Ryan J. Lennon, Lilach O. Lerman, Amir Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Peripheral endothelial dysfunction (PED) is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. Similar to cardio-protective Mediterranean diet, Chardonnay seeds are rich in polyphenols, fibers, and grape seed oil. In this randomized double-blinded trial, we investigated safety and incremental benefit of Chardonnay seed polyphenols-rich (PR), compared to polyphenols-free (PF), supplements on PED. Methods: 89 patients with PED [reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) index ≤ 2) were randomized 1:1 to 4.8 g (6 capsules)/day PR or PF for 4 months. PR and PF capsules had equal amounts of seed oil (~ 7% capsule weight), fibers, and carbohydrates, but only PR capsules contained polyphenols (~ 11% capsule weight). Baseline and follow-up RH-PAT indices (primary endpoint) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) levels were measured. Patients were asked to maintain their regular diet and exercise habits during study period. Results: Baseline RH-PAT indices, demographics, lab values, and EPC levels were similar between groups. No significant adverse reactions to PR or PF were reported. Follow-up RH-PAT indices significantly increased (p < 0.05 vs. baseline) in both groups to similar extent (31 ± 39% PR vs. 49 ± 53% PF, p = 0.09). Circulating CD34 + EPCs equally increased (median + 55% vs. + 54%, p = 0.94) in PR and PF groups, respectively. Conclusion: PR and PF Chardonnay seed supplements were safe and improved peripheral endothelial function to similar extent in PED patients. However, there were no incremental benefits of PR over PF on RH-PAT indices or CD34 + EPC levels. Chardonnay seed supplements role in primary prevention of atherosclerosis, as add-on to healthy lifestyle and guidelines directed medical therapy, should be further explored. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02093455.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Chardonnay seed supplements
  • Endothelial function
  • Functional foods
  • Vascular health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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