The effect of irradiation on the biodistribution of radiolabeled pegylated liposomes

Kevin J. Harrington, Gail Rowlinson-Busza, Konstantinos N. Syrigos, Paul S. Uster, Richard G. Vile, A. Michael Peters, J. Simon W. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The effect of total-body irradiation (TBI) on the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of 111In-DTPA-labeled pegylated liposomes (IDLPL) was evaluated in tumor-bearing nude mice as part of an ongoing effort to develop liposome-targeted radiosensitizers.M ethods and Materials: Mice received TBI (2 Gy or 5 Gy) according to two protocols: (1) to test the effect of radiation delivered 30 min before liposome injection on the time course of IDLPL biodistribution to tumor and normal tissues over 96 h; (2) to test the effect of radiation at times ranging from 72 h to 1 h before liposome injection on tumor and normal tissue uptake of IDLPL at 24 h. Tumor and tissue/organ levels of liposome uptake were measured by dissection and quantitation in a gamma counter. Results: For most tissues (tumor, liver, kidney, lung, skin, heart, and central nervous system), irradiation did not alter IDLPL biodistribution. Splenic uptake appeared to be increased by TBI, but further analysis revealed that this effect was due to reduced splenic weight in irradiated mice. IDLPL uptake was increased in the small intestine, stomach, musculoskeletal system, female reproductive tract, and adrenal glands in irradiated mice. Conclusion: These findings suggest that concomitant administration of liposomal radiosensitizers during radical radiotherapy is likely to be safe. However, caution should be exercised in situations in which significant volumes of small intestine or hemopoietic tissue will be irradiated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-820
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2001

Keywords

  • Biodistribution
  • Pegylated liposome
  • Radiosensitizer
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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