This study was undertaken to (1) determine the incidence of articular cartilage injuries in patients with instability of the glenohumeral joint, (2) determine whether recurrent dislocations increased the risk of articular damage, and (3) correlate these injuries with postoperative clinical outcomes. A cohort was identified of consecutive patients who underwent diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging and shoulder arthroscopy for glenohumeral instability with documented dislocation or subluxation between 1997 and 2006 at a single institution. Patients with moderate or severe osteoarthritis were excluded. Arthroscopic findings were recorded, including lesion location and Outerbridge grade. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES) was used to assess outcome in 61 patients who were available for follow-up. Outcomes were compared between shoulders with and without articular lesions. A total of 87 shoulders (83 patients) met the inclusion criteria, with 69 (83%) men and 14 (17%) women. Mean age was 26.1 years (range, 18-64 years), and mean follow-up was 36 months (range, 33-39 months). Cartilage injuries were found in 56 shoulders (64%). Previously documented shoulder dislocation requiring closed reduction (P=.046) and the number of discrete dislocations (P=.032) were significant for glenoid injury. A greater number of dislocations was associated with higher-grade lesions of the glenohumeral joint (P<.001). Overall, mean ASES score was 89.6 (range, 37-100). In patients with an articular cartilage lesion, mean ASES score was 90.4 (range, 58-100) compared with 88.1 (range, 37-100) in those without this injury (P=.75). Although clinical outcomes were not significantly affected, further investigation is warranted to establish a relationship between these injuries and longer-term outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine