The effect of caloric restriction interventions on growth hormone secretion in nonobese men and women

Leanne M. Redman, Johannes D. Veldhuis, Jennifer Rood, Steven R. Smith, Donald Williamson, Eric Ravussin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lifespan in rodents is prolonged by caloric restriction (CR) and by mutations affecting the somatotropic axis. It is not known if CR can alter the age-associated decline in growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and GH secretion. To evaluate the effect of CR on GH secretory dynamics; forty-three young (36.8 ± 1.0 years), overweight (BMI 27.8 ± 0.7) men (n = 20) and women (n = 23) were randomized into four groups; control = 100% of energy requirements; CR = 25% caloric restriction; CR + EX = 12.5% CR + 12.5% increase in energy expenditure by structured exercise; LCD = low calorie diet until 15% weight reduction followed by weight maintenance. At baseline and after 6 months, body composition (DXA), abdominal visceral fat (CT) 11 h GH secretion (blood sampling every 10 min for 11 h; 21:00-08:00 hours) and deconvolution analysis were measured. After 6 months, weight (control: -1 ± 1%, CR: -10 ± 1%, CR + EX: -10 ± 1%, LCD: -14 ± 1%), fat mass (control: -2 ± 3%, CR: -24 ± 3%, CR + EX: -25 ± 3%, LCD: -31 ± 2%) and visceral fat (control: -2 ± 4%, CR: -28 ± 4%, CR + EX: -27 ± 3%, LCD: -36 ± 2%) were significantly (P < 0.001) reduced in the three intervention groups compared to control. Mean 11 h GH concentrations were not changed in CR or control but increased in CR + EX (P < 0.0001) and LCD (P < 0.0001) because of increased secretory burst mass (CR + EX: 34 ± 13%, LCD: 27 ± 22%, P < 0.05) and amplitude (CR + EX: 34 ± 14%, LCD: 30 ± 20%, P < 0.05) but not to changes in secretory burst frequency or GH half-life. Fasting ghrelin was significantly increased from baseline in all three intervention groups; however, total IGF-1 concentrations were increased only in CR + EX (10 ± 7%, P < 0.05) and LCD (19 ± 4%, P < 0.001). A 25% CR diet for 6 months does not change GH, GH secretion or IGF-1 in nonobese men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalAging Cell
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Caloric restriction
  • GH
  • IGF-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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    Redman, L. M., Veldhuis, J. D., Rood, J., Smith, S. R., Williamson, D., & Ravussin, E. (2010). The effect of caloric restriction interventions on growth hormone secretion in nonobese men and women. Aging Cell, 9(1), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-9726.2009.00530.x