Background Forced vital capacity (FVC) is a key measure of disease severity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is an important clinical trial endpoint. We hypothesize that reversible airflow limitation co-exists in a subgroup of patients with IPF, and that bronchodilator use will improve the performance characteristics of FVC. Methods IPF patients with pre and post-bronchodilator spirometry testing performed were identified from two tertiary referral cohorts. The difference between pre and post-bronchodilator FVC (intra-test difference) was calculated. The test characteristics of pre and post-bronchodilator FVC change over time (inter-test difference) were assessed in patients with sequential spirometry, and were used to generate sample size estimates for hypothetical clinical trials using change in FVC as the primary endpoint. Results There were 551 patients, contributing 967 unique spirometry tests. The mean intra-test increase in FVC with bronchodilator use was 0.04 L (2.71 vs. 2.75 L, p < 0.001). Reversible airflow limitation (increase in FEV1 or FVC of ≥12% and ≥200 mL) occurred in 9.1% of patients. The inter-test difference in change in FVC over time were equivalent for pre and post-bronchodilator (p = 0.65), leading to similar sample size estimates in a hypothetical clinical trial using change in FVC as the primary endpoint. Conclusion Approximately one in ten patients with IPF has physiological evidence of reversible airflow limitation, and bronchodilator use in these patients may improve the assessment of disease progression based on FVC change over time. Bronchodilator use does not appear to meaningfully impact the precision of FVC as an endpoint in clinical trials.
- Clinical trials
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- Lung function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine