The effect of botulinum toxin type a injection on compound muscle action potential in an in vivo rat model

John V. Cichon, Thomas V. McCaffrey, William J. Litchy, Joost L. Knops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serial measurements were performed on the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude and the force generated by the rat lower hind limb flexors to investigate the time course of intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX®). Thirty animals were used in this in vivo rat model. CMAP amplitude and muscle force were measured at predetermined intervals for 28 weeks. Compound muscle action potential amplitude and force declined markedly the first 5 to 7 days after injection of BOTOX but recovered in a near linear manner. The response magnitude and recovery rate were dose-dependent. Recovery of CMAP amplitude preceded recovery of muscle force. No clear evidence of a systemic effect on the untreated leg or a concentration effect was found. CMAP amplitude may be useful in determining optimal timing of repeat injections in treating neuromuscular disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-148
Number of pages5
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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