The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap: Vascular Study and Clinical Implications

Nick A. Van Alphen, Alexis T. Laungani, Jodie A. Christner, Nirusha Lachman, Brian T. Carlsen, Michel Saint-Cyr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Intrinsic flaps based on the dorsal metacarpal arteries are useful for coverage of dorsal hand, finger, and thumb defects. The purpose of this study was to explore the anatomy of the dorsal metatarsal arteries (DMtAs) in the foot to help define their clinical utility. We observed the size and numbers of distal perforators from the DMtAs and quantified the vascular perfusion pattern of the DMtA perforator across the skin. Methods Ten fresh cadaver feet were injected with latex and dissected to assess the size and number of distal perforators from the DMtAs. Five DMtA perforator flaps were injected with methylene blue to visualize and quantify the vascular territory of the skin flap to understand the clinical possibilities. In addition, a clinical case is described and shown. Results Ten fresh cadaver feet were dissected. The first DMtA was absent in two specimens and the second, third, or fourth DMtA was absent in one specimen each. The available DMtAs had between two and five cutaneous perforators supplying the skin (average, 3.7 perforators per DMtA). The largest perforators to the skin were always seen in the distal half of the DMtA and ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 mm (average, 0.5 mm). Methylene blue injections showed an average flap surface of 21.6 × 47.6 mm. Conclusion This cadaveric study demonstrates the usefulness of the DMtA perforator flap. The flap is a valuable addition to the arsenal of flaps to cover the dorsum of the toe, webspace, or defects exposing tendons on the distal dorsum of the foot.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-250
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Perforator Flap
Metatarsal Bones
Blood Vessels
Arteries
Foot
Skin
Methylene Blue
Cadaver
Clinical Studies
Metacarpal Bones
Thumb
Latex
Toes
Tendons
Fingers
Anatomy

Keywords

  • anatomy
  • cadaver study
  • dorsal foot flap
  • dorsal metatarsal artery
  • perforator flap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Van Alphen, N. A., Laungani, A. T., Christner, J. A., Lachman, N., Carlsen, B. T., & Saint-Cyr, M. (2016). The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap: Vascular Study and Clinical Implications. Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, 32(4), 245-250. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1554936

The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap : Vascular Study and Clinical Implications. / Van Alphen, Nick A.; Laungani, Alexis T.; Christner, Jodie A.; Lachman, Nirusha; Carlsen, Brian T.; Saint-Cyr, Michel.

In: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.05.2016, p. 245-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Alphen, NA, Laungani, AT, Christner, JA, Lachman, N, Carlsen, BT & Saint-Cyr, M 2016, 'The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap: Vascular Study and Clinical Implications', Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 245-250. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1554936
Van Alphen, Nick A. ; Laungani, Alexis T. ; Christner, Jodie A. ; Lachman, Nirusha ; Carlsen, Brian T. ; Saint-Cyr, Michel. / The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap : Vascular Study and Clinical Implications. In: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery. 2016 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 245-250.
@article{6f5400644aaf4d4d897f04cb2a353931,
title = "The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap: Vascular Study and Clinical Implications",
abstract = "Background Intrinsic flaps based on the dorsal metacarpal arteries are useful for coverage of dorsal hand, finger, and thumb defects. The purpose of this study was to explore the anatomy of the dorsal metatarsal arteries (DMtAs) in the foot to help define their clinical utility. We observed the size and numbers of distal perforators from the DMtAs and quantified the vascular perfusion pattern of the DMtA perforator across the skin. Methods Ten fresh cadaver feet were injected with latex and dissected to assess the size and number of distal perforators from the DMtAs. Five DMtA perforator flaps were injected with methylene blue to visualize and quantify the vascular territory of the skin flap to understand the clinical possibilities. In addition, a clinical case is described and shown. Results Ten fresh cadaver feet were dissected. The first DMtA was absent in two specimens and the second, third, or fourth DMtA was absent in one specimen each. The available DMtAs had between two and five cutaneous perforators supplying the skin (average, 3.7 perforators per DMtA). The largest perforators to the skin were always seen in the distal half of the DMtA and ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 mm (average, 0.5 mm). Methylene blue injections showed an average flap surface of 21.6 × 47.6 mm. Conclusion This cadaveric study demonstrates the usefulness of the DMtA perforator flap. The flap is a valuable addition to the arsenal of flaps to cover the dorsum of the toe, webspace, or defects exposing tendons on the distal dorsum of the foot.",
keywords = "anatomy, cadaver study, dorsal foot flap, dorsal metatarsal artery, perforator flap",
author = "{Van Alphen}, {Nick A.} and Laungani, {Alexis T.} and Christner, {Jodie A.} and Nirusha Lachman and Carlsen, {Brian T.} and Michel Saint-Cyr",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1055/s-0035-1554936",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "245--250",
journal = "Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery",
issn = "0743-684X",
publisher = "Thieme Medical Publishers",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Distally Based Dorsal Metatarsal Artery Perforator Flap

T2 - Vascular Study and Clinical Implications

AU - Van Alphen, Nick A.

AU - Laungani, Alexis T.

AU - Christner, Jodie A.

AU - Lachman, Nirusha

AU - Carlsen, Brian T.

AU - Saint-Cyr, Michel

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - Background Intrinsic flaps based on the dorsal metacarpal arteries are useful for coverage of dorsal hand, finger, and thumb defects. The purpose of this study was to explore the anatomy of the dorsal metatarsal arteries (DMtAs) in the foot to help define their clinical utility. We observed the size and numbers of distal perforators from the DMtAs and quantified the vascular perfusion pattern of the DMtA perforator across the skin. Methods Ten fresh cadaver feet were injected with latex and dissected to assess the size and number of distal perforators from the DMtAs. Five DMtA perforator flaps were injected with methylene blue to visualize and quantify the vascular territory of the skin flap to understand the clinical possibilities. In addition, a clinical case is described and shown. Results Ten fresh cadaver feet were dissected. The first DMtA was absent in two specimens and the second, third, or fourth DMtA was absent in one specimen each. The available DMtAs had between two and five cutaneous perforators supplying the skin (average, 3.7 perforators per DMtA). The largest perforators to the skin were always seen in the distal half of the DMtA and ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 mm (average, 0.5 mm). Methylene blue injections showed an average flap surface of 21.6 × 47.6 mm. Conclusion This cadaveric study demonstrates the usefulness of the DMtA perforator flap. The flap is a valuable addition to the arsenal of flaps to cover the dorsum of the toe, webspace, or defects exposing tendons on the distal dorsum of the foot.

AB - Background Intrinsic flaps based on the dorsal metacarpal arteries are useful for coverage of dorsal hand, finger, and thumb defects. The purpose of this study was to explore the anatomy of the dorsal metatarsal arteries (DMtAs) in the foot to help define their clinical utility. We observed the size and numbers of distal perforators from the DMtAs and quantified the vascular perfusion pattern of the DMtA perforator across the skin. Methods Ten fresh cadaver feet were injected with latex and dissected to assess the size and number of distal perforators from the DMtAs. Five DMtA perforator flaps were injected with methylene blue to visualize and quantify the vascular territory of the skin flap to understand the clinical possibilities. In addition, a clinical case is described and shown. Results Ten fresh cadaver feet were dissected. The first DMtA was absent in two specimens and the second, third, or fourth DMtA was absent in one specimen each. The available DMtAs had between two and five cutaneous perforators supplying the skin (average, 3.7 perforators per DMtA). The largest perforators to the skin were always seen in the distal half of the DMtA and ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 mm (average, 0.5 mm). Methylene blue injections showed an average flap surface of 21.6 × 47.6 mm. Conclusion This cadaveric study demonstrates the usefulness of the DMtA perforator flap. The flap is a valuable addition to the arsenal of flaps to cover the dorsum of the toe, webspace, or defects exposing tendons on the distal dorsum of the foot.

KW - anatomy

KW - cadaver study

KW - dorsal foot flap

KW - dorsal metatarsal artery

KW - perforator flap

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84966359438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84966359438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1055/s-0035-1554936

DO - 10.1055/s-0035-1554936

M3 - Article

C2 - 26165886

AN - SCOPUS:84966359438

VL - 32

SP - 245

EP - 250

JO - Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery

JF - Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery

SN - 0743-684X

IS - 4

ER -