The contribution of deleterious germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2 and the mismatch repair genes to ovarian cancer in the population

Honglin Song, Mine S. Cicek, Ed Dicks, Patricia Harrington, Susan J. Ramus, Julie M. Cunningham, Brooke L. Fridley, Jonathan P. Tyrer, Jennifer Alsop, Mercedes Jimenez-Linan, Simon A. Gayther, Ellen L. Goode, Paul D.P. Pharoah

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74 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the contribution of deleterious mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, MLH1,MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2 to invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in the population. The coding sequence and splice site boundaries of all six genes were amplified in germlineDNAfrom 2240 invasiveEOCcases and 1535 controls. Barcoded fragment libraries were sequenced using the Illumina GAII or HiSeq and sequence data for each subject de-multiplexed prior to interpretation. GATK and Annovar were used for variant detection and annotation. After quality control 2222 cases (99.2%) and 1528 controls (99.5%) were included in the final analysis. We identified 193 EOC cases (8.7%) carrying a deleterious mutation in at least one gene compared with 10 controls (0.65%). Mutations were most frequent in BRCA1 and BRCA2, with 84 EOC cases (3.8%) carrying a BRCA1 mutation and 94 EOC cases (4.2%) carrying a BRCA2 mutation. The combined BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation prevalencewas11% in high-grade serous disease.SeventeenEOCcasescarried amutation inamismatch repair gene, including 10 MSH6 mutation carriers (0.45%) and 4 MSH2 mutation carriers (0.18%). At least 1 in 10 women with high-grade serousEOChas aBRCA1orBRCA2mutation. The developmentof next generation sequencingtechnologies enables rapid mutation screening for multiple susceptibility genes at once, suggesting that routine clinical testing of all incidence cases should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberddu172
Pages (from-to)4703-4709
Number of pages7
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Volume23
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Song, H., Cicek, M. S., Dicks, E., Harrington, P., Ramus, S. J., Cunningham, J. M., Fridley, B. L., Tyrer, J. P., Alsop, J., Jimenez-Linan, M., Gayther, S. A., Goode, E. L., & Pharoah, P. D. P. (2014). The contribution of deleterious germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2 and the mismatch repair genes to ovarian cancer in the population. Human molecular genetics, 23(17), 4703-4709. [ddu172]. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddu172