OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a simulation-based educational curriculum of 4 modules on neurosurgical trainees at the Neurological Societies of India annual meeting, which was held in Mumbai, India, in December 2013.
METHODS: We developed a microanastomosis, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior cervical fusion (PCF), and durotomy repair and their corresponding objective assessment scales. Each module was divided into 3 components: 1) a before didactic cognitive knowledge and technical skills testing, 2) a didactic lecture, and 3) an after didactic cognitive knowledge and technical skills testing. We compared the trainees' cognitive and technical scores from the before and after testing phases. Wilcoxon sum rank test was used to test statistical significance. The incorporation of a simulation-based educational program into neurosurgical education curriculum has faced a number of barriers. It is essential to develop and assess the success and feasibility of simulation-based modules on neurosurgical residents.
RESULTS: The knowledge test median scores increased from 60%, 69% to 72%, and 60% to 80%, 85%, 90%, and 75% on the microanastomosis, ACDF, PCF, and durotomy modules, respectively (P < 0.05). The practical hands-on scores increased from 45%, 45% to 60%, and 65% to 62%, 68%, 81%, and 70% on the microanastomosis, ACDF, PCF, and durotomy modules, respectively (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our course suggests that a simulation-based neurosurgery curriculum has the potential to enhance resident knowledge and technical proficiency.
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