The Clinical Utility of ASRS-v1.1 for Identifying ADHD in Alcoholics Using PRISM as the Reference Standard

Maria M. Reyes, Terry D. Schneekloth, Mario J. Hitschfeld, Jennifer R. Geske, David L. Atkinson, Victor M Karpyak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective was to assess the clinical utility of the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1) in identifying ADHD in alcoholics using the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM) as the diagnostic “gold standard.” Method: We performed a secondary analysis of data from 379 treatment-seeking alcoholics who completed the ASRS-v1.1 and the ADHD module of the PRISM. Data analysis included descriptive statistics. Results: The prevalence of ADHD was 7.7% (95% CI = [5.4, 10.8]). The positive predictive value (PPV) of the ASRS-v1.1 was 18.1% (95% CI = [12.4, 25.7]) and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 97.6% (95% CI = [94.9, 98.9]). The ASRS-v1.1 demonstrated a sensitivity of 79.3% (95% CI = [61.6, 90.2]) and a specificity of 70.3% (95% CI = [65.3, 74.8]). Conclusion: The ASRS-v1.1 demonstrated acceptable sensitivity and specificity in a sample of treatment-seeking alcoholics when compared with the PRISM as the reference standard for ADHD diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1125
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Keywords

  • ADD/ADHD
  • ADHD
  • alcohol
  • ASRS-v1.1
  • PRISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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