The calmodulin binding domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump interacts both with calmodulin and with another part of the pump

A. Enyedi, T. Vorherr, P. James, D. J. McCormick, A. G. Filoteo, E. Carafoli, J. T. Penniston

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145 Scopus citations


Synthetic peptides corresponding to the calmodulin-binding domain of the human erythrocyte Ca2+ pump were prepared representing residues 2-29 (C28W), 2-21 (C20W), 2-16 (C15W), and 16-29 (C14) of the sequence (James, P., Maeda, M., Fisher, R., Verma, A.K., Krebs, J., Penniston, J.T., and Carafoli, E. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2905-2910). Peptides C28W, C20W, and C15W bound to calmodulin with an apparent 1:1 stoichiometry in the presence of Ca2+ and inhibited the activation of the Ca2+ pump by calmodulin, while C14 was ineffective. Substituting tyrosine (C28Y) or alanine (C28A) for the tryptophan residue lowered the affinity for calmodulin. The estimated K(d) values for the calmodulin-peptide complexes were 0.1 nM for C28W, 5-15 nM for C20W, C28Y, and C28A, and 700-1700 nM for C15W. The Ca2+ pump in inside-out erythrocyte membrane vesicles was activated by proteolytic removal of the endogenous calmodulin-binding domain. Addition of C20W or C28W then inhibited calmodulin-independent Ca2+ transport, while a calmodulin-binding peptide from another enzyme had no effect. The inhibition of the pump by C20W was purely competitive with Ca2+, while C28W decreased the V(max) and increased the K( 1/2 ) for Ca2+, restoring the pump activity nearly to its low basal level. The results suggest that a calmodulin-binding peptide from any enzyme has two kinds of specificity: it shares with peptides from other enzymes the ability to bind to calmodulin, but only it has the specificity to interact with its own (proteolytically activated) enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12313-12321
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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