Synthetic peptides corresponding to the calmodulin-binding domain of the human erythrocyte Ca2+ pump were prepared representing residues 2-29 (C28W), 2-21 (C20W), 2-16 (C15W), and 16-29 (C14) of the sequence (James, P., Maeda, M., Fisher, R., Verma, A.K., Krebs, J., Penniston, J.T., and Carafoli, E. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2905-2910). Peptides C28W, C20W, and C15W bound to calmodulin with an apparent 1:1 stoichiometry in the presence of Ca2+ and inhibited the activation of the Ca2+ pump by calmodulin, while C14 was ineffective. Substituting tyrosine (C28Y) or alanine (C28A) for the tryptophan residue lowered the affinity for calmodulin. The estimated K(d) values for the calmodulin-peptide complexes were 0.1 nM for C28W, 5-15 nM for C20W, C28Y, and C28A, and 700-1700 nM for C15W. The Ca2+ pump in inside-out erythrocyte membrane vesicles was activated by proteolytic removal of the endogenous calmodulin-binding domain. Addition of C20W or C28W then inhibited calmodulin-independent Ca2+ transport, while a calmodulin-binding peptide from another enzyme had no effect. The inhibition of the pump by C20W was purely competitive with Ca2+, while C28W decreased the V(max) and increased the K( 1/2 ) for Ca2+, restoring the pump activity nearly to its low basal level. The results suggest that a calmodulin-binding peptide from any enzyme has two kinds of specificity: it shares with peptides from other enzymes the ability to bind to calmodulin, but only it has the specificity to interact with its own (proteolytically activated) enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology