The burden of Clostridioides difficile infection in patients with history of liver transplant and during index admission

Karn Wijarnpreecha, Elizabeth S. Aby, Donghee Kim, Patompong Ungprasert, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Frank J. Lukens, Denise M. Harnois, Paul T. Kröner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/objectives Liver transplant recipients have an increased risk of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) which associated with higher morbidity and mortality. CDI in liver transplant has been argued to increase hospital costs, charges, and length of stay (LOS) in small studies. However, no recent nationwide analysis determines these outcomes. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample 2016. All patients with ICD10CM diagnostic codes for CDI were included. The cohort was stratified for the history of liver transplant and liver transplant index admission. The primary outcome was the odds of CDI in both patient cohorts to patients without liver transplant. Secondary outcomes were inpatient morbidity, mortality, resource utilization, colectomy rates, LOS, and total hospital costs and charges. Results A total of 360 364 patients with CDI were identified, 1665 had a history of liver transplant and 155 had liver transplant during that admission. Patients with a history of liver transplant had increased odds of CDI compared to patients with no history of liver transplant (adjusted odds ratio 2.78; 95% confidence interval, 2.44-3.16). Patients with CDI had greater odds of shock, acute kidney injury, ICU stay, organ failure and significantly higher costs, charges and LOS. Conclusions Patients with a history of liver transplant increased odds of CDI. CDI with history of liver transplant and the index admission for liver transplant had higher odds of morbidity and resource utilization. Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for CDI for early diagnosis and appropriate initiation of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-898
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Clostridioides difficile
  • Clostridium difficile
  • liver transplantation
  • national inpatient sample

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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