The antiproliferative effect of trans-retinoic acid is associated with selective induction of interleukin-1β, a cytokine that directly inhibits growth of lung cancer cells

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Abstract

Retinoids show promise for prevention and treatment of cancers. In most cases, the mechanisms of their anticancer effects are poorly defined, but interactions with cytokine genes have been postulated in several systems. The effects of trans-retinoic acid (RA) on proliferation and cytokine gene expression in the human lung carcinoma Lu-CSF-1 are reported. RA exhibited cell-cycle independent inhibition of Lu-CSF-1 growth while stimulating endogenous interleukin-1β and suppressing granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor and IL-6 mRNAs. Reduction in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-6 message was associated with reduced RNA stability and was translated into reduced protein levels. IL-1β mRNA stability was not decreased, and elevation in IL-1β protein levels was of a comparable magnitude to the increased amounts of its RNA. Growth inhibition similar to that following RA treatment could be reproduced by exposing cells to exogenous IL-1β alone. These data suggest that changes in autologous cytokine gene expression might contribute to growth inhibition of lung cancer cells by RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalOncology Research
Volume8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 3 1996

Keywords

  • cytokines
  • interleukin 1β
  • lung cancer
  • mRNA
  • retinoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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