The antidiuretic effect of pneumadin requires a functional arginine vasopressin system

John D. Watson, Donald B. Jennings, Inder R. Sarda, Stephen C. Pang, Barbara Lawson, Dennis A. Wigle, T. Geoffrey Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pneumadin is an antidiuretic decapeptide, recently isolated from rat and human lung. Bolus intravenous injection of 5 nmol of pneumadin into water-loaded rats caused a rapid and significant antidiuresis and a reduction in Na+ and Cl- excretion. Pneumadin administration did not alter mean arterial pressure, right atrial pressure, heart rate or haematocrit. Bolus intravenous injection of 20 nmol of pneumadin into non-water-loaded rats caused a significant increase in arginine vasopressin (AVP) within 10 min. Pneumadin administration also increased circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) but did not alter aldosterone or plasma renin activity levels. Injection of pneumadin into water-loaded Brattleboro rats, which genetically lack circulating AVP, did not change urine flow, confirming that the pneumadin induced antidiuresis is AVP dependent. Radioactive pneumadin was cleared from the circulation with a t 1 2β of 480.3 s. Radioactive pneumadin, isolated from plasma, eluted at an altered position on reverse phase HPLC, which indicated that the peptide was modified in vivo. This modification was also observed when synthetic pneumadin was incubated in rat plasma in vitro. Purification and sequencing of the modified synthetic peptide indicated that the modification is not a proteolytic cleavage. These results indicate that pneumadin injected into the rat caused an antidiuresis by altering circulating AVP levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 1995

Keywords

  • AVP
  • Antidiuresis
  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • Brattleboro rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Watson, J. D., Jennings, D. B., Sarda, I. R., Pang, S. C., Lawson, B., Wigle, D. A., & Flynn, T. G. (1995). The antidiuretic effect of pneumadin requires a functional arginine vasopressin system. Regulatory Peptides, 57(2), 105-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-0115(95)00024-6