The anatomic location and importance of the tibialis posterior fascicular bundle at the sciatic nerve bifurcation: Report of 3 cases

Thomas J. Wilson, Andres A. Maldonado, Kimberly K. Amrami, Katrina N. Glazebrook, Michael R. Moynagh, Robert J. Spinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The authors present the cases of 3 patients with severe injuries affecting the peroneal nerve combined with loss of tibialis posterior function (inversion) despite preservation of other tibial nerve function. Loss of tibialis posterior function is problematic, since transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon is arguably the best reconstructive option for foot drop, when available. Analysis of preoperative imaging studies correlated with operative findings and showed that the injuries, while predominantly to the common peroneal nerve, also affected the lateral portion of the tibial nerve/division near the sciatic nerve bifurcation. Sunderland’s fascicular topographic maps demonstrate the localization of the fascicular bundle subserving the tibialis posterior to the area that corresponds to the injury. This has clinical significance in predicting injury patterns and potentially for treatment of these injuries. The lateral fibers of the tibial division/nerve may be vulnerable with long stretch injuries. Due to the importance of tibialis posterior function, it may be important to perform internal neurolysis of the tibial division/nerve in order to facilitate nerve action potential testing of these fascicles, ultimately performing split nerve graft repair when nerve action potentials are absent in this important portion of the tibial nerve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1869-1875
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019



  • Anatomy
  • Fascicular map
  • Peripheral nerve
  • Peroneal nerve
  • Sciatic nerve
  • Tibial nerve
  • Tibialis posterior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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